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Wednesday, 8 June 2016

Study in Spain

Choose to study in Spain, and one thing is for sure: your friends will be very jealous! Stretching to the Pyrenees in the east, the Mediterranean in the south, the Bay of Biscay in the north, and Portugal in the west, Spain is one of the biggest countries in Europe – and also one of the most-visited.
Spain is consistently among the world’s most popular tourist destinations (third in 2014, according to the United Nations World Tourism Organization), welcoming an annual volume of tourists which considerably exceeds its population. It's also among the most popular destinations for international students, due to its winning combination of good universities, attractive lifestyle, and the fact that Spanish is one of the world's most spoken languages.
This is a country of contrasts, where the affluence and cosmopolitan bustle of Western Europe is mixed with a distinctly southern European extravagance and charm; where an expressive and flamboyant culture segues into afternoon naps and languid evenings in bars and cafés; and where distinct regional identities often take precedence over a unified national one. Of course, lifestyle alone isn’t enough to draw in the punters – you need to have good universities too!
If you like the idea of studying Spain, click on the tabs below to find out more about Spanish universities, popular student cities, and what steps to take next.

Spain has a long history of higher education, with its oldest university, Universidad de Salamanca, dating back to 1218. Its higher education system was overhauled in 2007 to embrace the three-cycle system of the Bologna Process, ensuring compatability with the European Higher Education Area (EHEA).
There are a total of 78 universities (or universidades) in Spain, 51 of which are run and funded by the state whilst 27 are private or run by the Catholic Church. 18 Spanish universities are featured in the QS World University Rankings® 2015/16, of which 12 are within the global top 500. The largest concentrations of leading Spanish universities are found in capital city Madrid and second city Barcelona.
Read more about the top six Spanish universities, all ranking within the world’s top 300:

University of Barcelona (Universitat de Barcelona) Universitat de Barcelona

The highest-ranked Spanish university, the University of Barcelona is placed at joint 166th in the QS World University Rankings 2015/16. Established in 1450, it's among the oldest higher education institutions in the world, with rich traditions dating back to the Medieval Ages. Today, more than 90,600 students are enrolled in a wide array of undergraduate and postgraduate courses, across the university's 18 faculties and 100 departments. The University of Barcelona ranks within the world’s top 100 for many of the subject areas covered by the QS World University Rankings by Subject.

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid 

A much younger institution, established in 1968 following extensive reforms in higher education in Spain, the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (sometimes called UAM, or the Autonomous University of Madrid), is currently ranked at 186th place in the world.  It also comes ninth in the QS Top 50 Under 50, which highlights the world’s highest-performing young universities. The Universidad Autónoma de Madrid is home to more than 36,000 students across its eight faculties, and is especially noted for its Faculty of Law. It has three campuses, of which the main one, the Cantoblanco Campus, is located 15km (9 miles) north of Madrid. The Universidad Autónoma de Madrid prides itself in being the alma mater of His Majesty King Felipe VI of Spain.

Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona

The Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona was also established in 1968, and ranks at 190th in the world, making it Spain’s third representative at international level. Ranking 10th in the QS Top 50 Under 50, the Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona teaches about 36,000 students among its 13 faculties. It is famous for being one of the few universities in Spain to have a centralized campus, created in order to promote a strong university community, with all the different academic, research, cultural and social activities in the same place. This integrated campus is located about 20km (12 miles) from the center of Barcelona.

University Complutense Madrid University Complutense Madrid

The oldest Spanish university, the University Complutense Madrid is in fact one of the oldest higher education institutions in the world. It dates back to 1293, when it was originally known as Estudio de Escuelas Generales de Alcalá, before receiving its current name in 1499. Today, the University Complutense Madrid ranks at 226th place in the world and within the global top 50 in the subject area of dentistry. More than 86,000 students study in the university, which was one of the first in the world to give a doctoral degree to a female student, in 1785.

University of Navarra University of Navarra

A private university, the University of Navarra was established in 1952 by Saint Josemaría Escrivá de Balaguer. More than 12,700 students are enrolled in the university’s undergraduate and postgraduate degree programs, with many international master’s students. The university’s main campuses are in Pamplona and San Sebastián, while its prestigious IESE Business School also has offices in Barcelona, Madrid, New York, Munich and São Paulo. At the start of 2015, the university inaugurated a new museum of contemporary art, designed by well-known architect Rafael Moneo. In the QS World University Rankings 2015/16, the University of Navarra ranks joint 265th.

Universitat Pompeu Fabra Universitat Pompeu Fabra

One of the youngest Spanish universities, the Universitat Pompeu Fabra features in the QS World University Rankings this year in joint 295th place, and is another Spanish representative in the Top 50 Under 50. It was established in 1990 and named after the famous Catalan philologist Pompeu Fabra. The university is located in Barcelona, across three separate campuses which each focus on a particular field of study: social sciences and humanities, health and life sciences, and ITC and communication sciences.
Studying a master’s or PhD? To find out about studying in Spain at graduate level, check out the latest QS Top Grad School Guide.

Spanish Football Clubs’ Finances: Crisis and Player Salaries

Ángel Barajas
and Plácido Rodríguez
University of Vigo, Observatorio Económico del Deporte
Oviedo University, Observatorio Económico del Deporte
Ángel Barajas is an associate professor of financial management in the Department
of Accountancy and Finance at the University of Vigo, Spain, and a researcher for
the Spanish Economic Observatory for Sport (Observatorio Económico del
Deporte). His research interests include investment valuation and finance of sports,
particularly professional football.
Plácido Rodríguez is a professor of economics in the Department of Economics at
Oviedo University and director of the Spanish Economic Observatory for Sport
(Observatorio Económico del Deporte). His research interests include sport eco-
nomics, gambling economics, and economic impact.
This paper shows the current financial situation of Spanish professional football.
Different financial ratios are used in order to classify the financial position of the dif-
ferent teams. The study has been split between clubs in First or Second division. We
also analyze the relationships between the size of market, team payrolls, and team per-
formance. We demonstrate the financial problems created by the arms race that clubs
have started for getting the most talented players for trying to get the best possible
sporting outcome. The new Spanish Law for companies in financial distress has
implied that nine clubs are technically insolvent and under administration. We have
searched for possible explanations of that situation. Nevertheless, our financial vari-
ables do not explain the likelihood that a club goes into administration.
Keywords: finance, player salaries, performance, financial distress, soccer, under

Wednesday, 9 March 2016

Strange Catalan Traditions You Need to Know About

If you’re heading to Barcelona’s region of Catalonia, then there’s a pretty decent chance your visit will coincide with at least one of the region’s particularly quirky traditions. Quirky as in fire runs, dancing eggs and a smiling log that defecates candy (seriously!). Strange but lovable, these customs are ones you’ll want to know about before your journey in case of possible convergence.

Correfocs Fraga 2011 by Carlos Alzuria (CC BY-ND 2.0)

Usually we’re more inclined to run away from fire, but not so during this common festival tradition. Translated as “fire runs,” the correfocs are a wildly devilish celebration involving song, dance, parades, satanic-looking costumes and, of course, fireworks and flames. Also called the Ball de Diables, or Devil’s Dance, the tradition is said to date back to the 12th century, and while its origins are unknown, it has long represented the struggle between good and evil. Keen to see one of these crazy, pyrotechnic-filled runs? You can do so on a Correfoc Festival Tour from Barcelona, during which you can head out to a local village and witness the reverie yourself.
Caga Tío

Caga Tío is no doubt one of Catalonia’s quirkiest traditions.

A festive, defecating log of wood? What?! Indeed, Caga Tío — or, loosely translated, Poo Log — is one of Catalonia’s most charming and beloved holiday traditions. Come December 8th, this smiling little fellow is set out so the kids can feed it nightly and care for it by covering it in a blanket. It’s when Christmas arrives that the real action begins: Children sing songs and beat it with twigs, all in hopes it will defecate loads of candy. It’s a peculiar tradition with practical roots, actually: It began simply as an appreciation for the humble fire log which, during cold winters, kept families warm. Of course, this evolved into the more commercial and oddly entertaining version you see today.
El Caganer

El caganer, another star of the Catalan holidays

Another big star of the Catalan holidays is the nativity scene and all of its coveted, collectable figurines. Many homes, stores and, of course, churches relish creating elaborate manger scenes. One extra element is always added in the Catalan nativity scene, and that’s the caganer, a slightly, shall we say, less pensive (about the baby’s birth) fellow. Translated (politely) as “the fellow going #2,” el caganer is a man who is squatting, pants down, and doing his business, usually in some obscure corner of the holy landscape. Theories abound as to the origins behind the famous nativity scene character, which is said to date back to the 17th or 18th century. Want to invest in your own caganer? Pay a visit to one of Spain’s Christmas markets — you’ll definitely find what you’re looking for in Barcelona, and perhaps at other holiday markets in Spain, which occasionally sell the little guy too.

Catalan gegants are a standard part of regional fiestas and parades.

Catalonia clearly has a keenness for curious characters, and the gegants, or giants, are just another one to add to the collection. These tall papier-mache-headed puppets of sorts make their appearance during town (and, in the case of Barcelona, neighborhood) festas majores, the fiestas or events around feast day. This is when the towns (and neighborhoods) celebrate in a variety of ways, but particularly with parades, which include the gegants. Other characters join them, too, including the more human-height capgrossos, or big heads, which often sport goofy expressions in stark contrast to their taller, more serious-faced counterparts. All of these oversized puppets are said to have their roots in the Middle Ages, when they were used to tell stories of the Bible to an illiterate public. Now they are mostly a sign of regional tradition and celebration.

A common sight during regional celebrations are castells.

Catalans don’t just celebrate their festivals with parades, song, dance and food but also human pyramids. Indeed, come fiesta time — ubiquitous week-long parties held in towns around Catalonia and beyond to honor patron saints — trained teams of people, all with specific roles, create the tall human towers called castells. Dating back the 1800s, the careful construction is usually done to the sound of music; men are typically on the lower level(s) to bear the weight, topped by women and, finally, the castle-topper, a child. When the child (helmet-protected) reaches the pinnacle, he or she salutes to the crowd before carefully being lowered to the ground, when everyone exhales a sigh of relief. See the tradition for yourself on a Catalan Culture Half-Day Trip from Barcelona.
Corpus Christi

Come Corpus Christi, expect to go on the hunt for dancing, floating eggs.

The Thursday following Trinity Sunday is the religious celebration of Corpus Christi — sounds normal enough, right? This is when Catalans and Spaniards often celebrate the holiday with parade-like religious processions through town, followed by worship — still pretty standard. But then you sprinkle in some quirky Catalan (well, in this case, Barcelonan) customs. First, there are those aforementioned gegants, which usually join in the processions. But what else makes this celebration so peculiar? Why, the floating, dancing eggs. You’ll find these eggs – yes, literally eggs – bobbing atop spouts of water in top-to-bottom flower-decorated courtyards, cloisters and patios across Barcelona on Corpus Christi. Called l’ou com baila (“the dancing egg”), the tradition dates back to the 16th century and has uncertain roots. Some tales tell of Barcelona Cathedral acolytes who placed hollowed-out, wax-filled eggs in a fountain as the possible impetus behind the tradition. It is also believed the egg could represent the body of Christ (literally, Corpus Christi), and the water, renewal. Whatever the reason behind it, I think we can all agree it’s quite the intriguing tradition!
Sant Jordi Day

Get on board with Valentine’s-style book giving during Catalonia’s Sant Jordi Day.

This tradition is positively delightful — so delightful, in fact, that it inspired UNESCO to declare this day, April 23rd, a worldwide event. For what, you may ask? Books — and in Catalonia’s case, roses too. Internationally known as World Book Day, the event coincides with the celebration of Sant Jordi, or Saint George, and has become a Catalan Valentine’s Day of sorts. Tradition has it that on this day, women give their fellows a book, and the men give the women a rose (though, these days, the book exchange often goes both ways). As such, expect popular city spots (such as Las Ramblas) to be overflowing with flower vendors and booksellers. Indeed, it’s a charming, albeit new-to-most tradition worth getting on board with whether you’re in Catalonia at the end of April or not.

Football in Spain

Santiago Bernabeu Stadium
Santiago Bernabeu Stadium

There are two faiths in Spain: the church and football. Football is the most popular sport in the country and the Spanish excel at the game on an international level. They are current holders of the FIFA World Cup (next contested in 2014 in Brazil), and won Euro 2012, although they were defeated early in the Olympics much to everyone’s surprise.

Barcelona and Real Madrid are the most successful teams in the country and the best known on the world stage having won UEFA Champions League title for Spain 13 times between them and been runners-up 3 times. Barcelona won the cup in 2011. This year Real Madrid defeated Barcelona to win the Spanish Super Cup, always heavily competed between the two clubs.

Visiting the stadiums of these two clubs is a highlight for many visitors to Spain.

FC Barcelona is based at Camp Nou stadium in the suburbs of Barcelona and has been since 1957. They have an excellent stadium tour and exhibition of the history of the club called the Camp Nou Experience. The museum and interactive display tour costs around 23 euro and is open from 10am until 6.30 pm and until 8pm from April until early October, Monday to Saturday, and 10am until 2.30pm on Sundays, except on match days when you’ll need to check the opening hours. You won’t see the first-team players training – though you might in the early morning of a match day if you are lucky – but generally the high level training sessions are private. You can however go to a game with many seats available for the general public.  To get to the stadium catch the metro line 5 to Collblanc i Badal, or line 3 to Maria Cristina, Palau Reial and Zona Universitària. The way to the stadium is clearly signposted.

Real Madrid C F is based in Madrid at Santiago Bernabeu Stadium since 1947. You can also take a tour there most days of the year and it begins with a wonderful view over the ground from one of the 8 panoramic lifts. There’s a trophy room and you’ll get to walk around the pitch and see life as the players do. You’ll even get into the dressing room but only the visitors’ rooms, not that of the Real Madrid team itself to respect their privacy. The tour costs 16 euro and you can also buy a ticket to watch a match in the public seating areas. To get there catch Bus14, 27, 40, 43, 120, 147, 150 or the metro to Santiago Bernabéu or train to Nuevos Ministerios.

The other top team is Athletic Bilbao based in northern Spain in Bilbao. Along with Real Madrid and Barcelona they are the only team never to have been relegated from the premier league. Their stadium is San Mames Stadium also known as The Cathedral. A new multimillion euro stadium is under construction and due to open this year. The current stadium is the oldest in Spain dating from 1913. You can tour the stadium, trophy room and an exhibition nearly ever day for 6 euro. Tours stop at noon on match days.
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